Guard & Facility Buildings
The main guard house at the entrance contains the guard headquarters
and the employment office. The fence and gates may be seen at
each side of the building. This guard house is located in front
of the underpass under the Pittsburgh, Shawmut and Northern Railroad,
through which all traffic must pass in entering the plant. In
addition to the regular guards, the company maintained mounted
guards to patrol the fences and grounds of the plant. Some of
these mounted guards are shown here.
The company patroled not only the grounds on which the plant
but also some fifteen hundred acres of land surrounding the plant.
- SAFETY AREA
General view of the southern part of the plant which constitutes
the safety area, looking east from the slope adjoining the Administration
building. In the left foreground are the machine shops, garage,
proof house, large warehouses and in the distance the first of
the Shell line buildings. Across the plant road from the warehouses
are the general store, hospital, laundry, men's change house,
and boiler house. Near the boiler house may be seen the underpass
and between the railroad and the main highway, the main entrance
guard house and parking area.
Women workers arriving to the secondary entrance road that
proceeds to the fuse buildings.
In the background and over the railroad tracks can be seen the
Big Loop farm house and guard living quarters.
The guard tower was located on the slope of the hill on the
west side of the plant and from it a guard can overlook the entire
plant. It was equipped with a powerful searchlight. From this
tower a guard checks all patrols at night by means of a signalling
General view of the fuse line buildings and north part of the
facility. The large buildings in the left foreground, comprises
the fuse loading buildings, and the one in the center foreground
is the Women's Changing House No. 32. Just above the change house,
(from l - r) are the Pellet Container Assembly Building No. 55;
the Exploder Bag Building No. 44 and the Loaded Shell Storage
Building No. 26. Just above No. 55, buried in the hill is the
Exploder Bag Magazine. Above the fuse building may be seen the
roof of the Pellet Press Building No. 35, and the top of the Tetryl
Mixing Building No. 36. The building in the right foreground,
is a portion of the Fuse Packing Building No. 30, and above that
are the Shell Packing Buildings Nos. 20 & 20A, with the TNT
Storage Magazine partially concealed above.
This is the main entrance of the Administration Building, which
houses the general offices of the company, and offices of the
Government Inspector. Back of the building and connected with
it by a corridor is the Laboratory Building.
This building serves for receiving, storing and disbursing material
The half at the right houses the offices of the receiving clerks
and the drafting room.
The company maintained a well-equipped first aid hospital.
The building contains wards for men and women, receiving room,
examination room, nurses room, diet kitchen and all the necessary
medical equipment and supplies. Trained nurses were on duty during
all shifts. A physician was in attendance each forenoon and was
on call at all times.
The uniforms and overalls of all persons working with Tetryl
or TNT must be changed and laundered everyday. The laundry was
equipped with the most up-to-date American Laundry machines -
washers, driers, ironers, cap ironers, marking equipment, etc.
The Men's Change House contained shower baths, lockers, Bradley
wash fountains and lounge room for men. All men working with Tetry
or TNT were required to take a bath and change their clothes everyday
as a protection against poisoning.
The Women's Change House Building No 32, was located across
the plant road from the fuse loading buildings. It contained the
locker rooms, rest rooms, wash room and shower baths. Time clocks
for the women are located at the entrance. Women working with
Tetryl, Stemming, etc., must take baths and change clothes everyday.
The building at left housed the machine and carpenter shops.
The garage at the right housed the company trucks and automotive
View of the Boiler House, railroad spur and warehouses looking
View of Boiler House from west showing steam mains leaving
for distribution throughout the plant. Coal bunker shown at left,
where coal can be dumped from bottom-dump freight cars.
Two 22,000 gallon tanks, located on the hill back of the Administration
building, with a head of 216 feet,
furnish a water reserve and a pressure of 90 pounds to the square
inch at all hydrants throughout the plant.
Water is supplied from three wells on the plant and pumped to
Each hydrant is enclosed in a hydrant
house built in accordance with the plans and specifications of
the Fire Underwriters and contained 400 ft of 2 1/2 inch standard
fire hose with standard couplings, hose pipe, axe, saw and other
There were 13 of these houses strategically situated throughout